Medical Scalp Tattooing...
Medical Scalp Tattooing or Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP) is a cosmetic medical grade tattoo that reduces the contrast between the colour of the scalp and the colour of the hair so that the scalp can not be easily seen through the hair.
It is a new and creative technique that offers an alternative to hair transplant surgery.
This is done by precisely implanting thousands of very small dots/hairs in the scalp using very fine needles. This is very effective in:
(a) disguising thinning hair
(b) balding - in a shaved scalp replicating very short hairs
(c) camouflaging scalp scarring, caused by previous surgeries, injuries or skin diseases.
How hairloss is measured...
The Hamilton-Norwood scale is the generally accepted standard when describing and measuring the extent of male hair loss. Men typically lose hair in several patterns. The most common are receding at the temples, on the top and back of the head and general thinning where hair over large areas begins to thin, without a specific change to the hairline. This hair loss classification system is often used as a common reference point against which to gauge available treatment options. Normally, the further along a patient is on the Norwood scale, the fewer effective hair loss treatments are available to them and the effectiveness of certain treatments becomes limited.
Normal head of hair with no visible hair loss.
Type II (2)
Demonstrates the progression to an adult hairline. Hair loss at this stage is very mild and usually concentrated at the frontal hairline. This also does not represent balding.
Type III (3)
Is the earliest stage of male hair loss considered significant enough to be called ‘baldness’ according to this scale. Same receding pattern as Type 2, except the hairline has receded deeper into the frontal area and the temporal area, which are either bare or only sparsely covered with hair.
Type III (3) (vertex or crown)
The vertex figure here shows the additional thinning of the hair at the crown of the head.
Type IV (4)
Includes a deep recession at the front of the head in the temple areas. Hair loss at the crown is evident and often a band of moderately dense hair will separate hair loss at the front of the scalp from that at the crown of the head. The sides of the head are still well covered with hair.
Type V (5)
This stage marks the beginning of severe hair loss. While there is a small separation between the loss of hair at the hairline and the loss of hair at the crown, the band of hair between the two is much thinner and narrower. Hair loss at both the crown and temple areas are larger and more distinct.
Type VI (6)
The bridge of hair that once separated the front of the head from the crown is now almost fully lost, only a few sparse strands may persist. The remaining hair now forms a horseshoe shape around the baldness concentrated in the center of the scalp. Hair loss on the sides of the head will also extend further at this stage.
Type VII (7)
This is the most advanced stage of hair loss where only a wreath of thin hair remains on the sides and back of the scalp.
Baldness in women takes a different pattern, and is generally classified on the Ludwig scale, which ranges from stages I to III. Stage I begins with thinning on the top of the head. In stage II the scalp starts to show. Finally, all of the hair at the crown of the head may be lost when the hair loss progresses to stage III. However, the scale is used merely for general categorization. Many women do not actually fit into the Ludwig stages.
Type I (1)
In this stage, hair loss is considered to be mild. Hair loss may occur on the top and front of the scalp. Such hair loss may be noticeable when the hair is parted down the center of the scalp, as more and more scalp will become visible over time.
Type II (2)
This type of hair loss is considered moderate. In this stage, women may notice each of the following: Thinning, shedding, general decrease in volume, and a center part that continues to widen over time.
Type III (3)
This is the most extreme classification of female hair loss. In this stage, hair is so thin that it has difficulty camouflaging the scalp, rendering it visible to the naked eye.